Lake Superior Whitefish

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Whitefish – An Introduction

Lake Whitefish

Lake Whitefish

The Whitefish is the freshwater fish of the subfamily Coregoninae and Ciscoes. Coregoninae contains whitefish from both freshwater and salt water. The whitefish is also one of the three subfamilies in the salmon family Salmonidae. This species of fish are mainly distributed in chilly waters and are very good in taste. They live on or nearer to the seafloor and contain oil only in their livers instead of guts. They require cool and well-oxygenated water in the summer season to grow.

Lake Superior is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world, having more surface area than anyother freshwater lake in the world. The fishes found in Lake Superior are rich in omega 3 because the lake is very cold and deep. There are around 88 different species of fish found in Lake Superior and theyall are very delicious in taste.

The lake’s whitefishes are sometimes called the ‘Humpback’ because their heads are smaller than the length of their bodies. Their tails are deeply forked and have dark-edges. Typically they are silvery to white in color and have olive to light greenish-brown backs.

The Whitefish eat things from the bottom of the lake because they live nearer to the seafloor. Adult whitefish are used to eat small fishes, snails, shrimps and amphipods. Young whitefish on the other hand, eat microscopic animals and larvae as they are small and are not able to eat what their adults consume.

The whitefish lays its eggs from October to December. In these months, Lake Superior’s shallow water temperature falls below 7⁰C. The whitefish start laying eggs at night over small rocks near the shores ofthe lake. It comes up to the water surface and releases eggs and sperm.  Around 10,000 eggs are laid by the whitefish which then hatch in early spring season. The number of eggs produced depends upon thesize of the female fish. Large sized female whitefish can lay around 130,000 eggs in a year.

The chief predators of the young whitefish are burbot, salmon, lake trout and northern pike. These fishes love to eat the young whitefish as they are small in size and relatively easy to catch. The adult whitefish try to save them from humans as they are their biggest predators. Besides humans, the sea lamprey is another nemesis of the adult whitefish.

So, now that you are armed with this knowledge, it would be easier for you to catch whitefish and enjoy their delicious taste.

about-lake-superior

ABOUT LAKE SUPERIOR

Fishing is all about fun and if you are catching freshwater fish then it will surely double your fun. Freshwater fishes are very good in taste and differ from the salt water fishes in terms of salinity. There are a number of freshwater lakes located all over the US but Lake Superior is one of the best and many fishermen and anglers come here to catch freshwater fish either for commercial or sporting purposes.

Our website is about freshwater fishing in Lake Superior. Lake Superior is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world, home to the whitefish which is a normal sized fish that is delicious in taste. Our aim is to provide you information about Lake Superior through this website. On this website, you are going to learn about the total area of the lake, the species of fish that are available here, the rich history of this lake and the latest news about the special events that are held here every year.

Moreover, you will find all the information about whitefish which are found in Lake Superior on our website as well. We will provide you tips on how to catch whitefish in freshwater. You are also going to learn about the procedures and laws of catching whitefish in this lake. For fish lovers, there is a regularly updated recipe section as well where we are going to provide you some of the best recipes of cooking whitefish that have been used for generations.

The recipes which you will find here are from cooking experts who know the best way of cooking whitefish. All the recipes are very simple and easy to make. The recipes on offer at our website are supported by pictures to make the cooking process easier for you.

This website was put together with the help from our partners from The Fishermen’s Angle, a great source for all your fishing know-how.

history-of-lakesuperior-whitefish

HERITAGE

Lake Superior is without a shadow of doubt a massive inland freshwater lake, which has around 88fish species residing in its waters including the widely popular whitefish. The water of Lake Superioris very cold and the fishes found in it are well known all over the world for their deliciousness.

Lake Superior has a very interesting and rich history. Hundreds of years ago, the Ojibwe and Chippewa Indians used to hunt lake trout, whitefish and sturgeon from Lake Superior. The tribal fishermen caught fish by going around the lake in birch bark canoes using nets crafted from the willow bark strands.

The people of the region used to catch fishes in order to feed themselves but when the European settlers started to visit Lake Superior, commercial fishing began in the year 1820 with big boats and huge nets to catch as may fish as possible in a single go. Some species of fish residing in Lake Superior started to decline in 1880’s and then again the business began to boom with the use of modern equipment to catch fish. The numbers of trout and some other species of Lake Superior like whitefish severely diminished and by the 1950’s, the golden era of commercial fishery was over. Pollution, over-fishing and the introduction of external invasive species were all the factors that spell the decline of the fisheries industry.

In order to recover the fisheries sector, the state placed strict rules and regulations to limit commercial fishing in Lake Superior. These rules and regulations were also applied on the tribal fishermen to limit their fishing too. In the year 1972, Richard Gurnoe, who was the former tribal chairman of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa went to the Wisconsin Supreme Court to challenge the law imposed on the tribal fishermen.  Richard Gurnoe won the case for treaty tribes and thus in the year 1984, the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission was formed to manage tribal commercial fishing. Eleven Ojibwe tribes in Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin were the part of this agency to keep an eye on the gathering activities in the abandoned territories and to jointly manage the tribal commercial fishing.

The whitefish is the main target of the tribal fishermen. The tribal commercial fishing is done while following tribal codes and agreements with the Wisconsin state. The fishery industry is now monitored through annual assessments and the wardens from the commission are authorized to enforce the tribal codes on commercial tribal fishermen.

latest-news

Latest News

Find out all of the latest Lake Superior news for fish, white fish, recipes, events and everything inbetween. Head on over to our section to see it all!
News

Ice fishing on Lake Superior

Ice fishing is probably the most popular form of fishing, especially in places that have harsh winter conditions. Ice fishing is extremely popular in Wisconsin because of the cold but comfortable winter weather of the place. Lake Superior is probably one of the most famous places for ice fishing. In the past, Lake Superior is usually dead lake with literally no life in it until winter. When the cold weather hits, all the fish swim back to Lake Superior because it is comfortable for them there. This is definitely a great opportunity for anglers in the area to take advantage of! It is possible for anglers to catch a lot of different types of fish under the ice, you just need the patience and a great fishing ice chair to ensure your comfort. You can get trout, whitefish, and lakers in Lake Superior during the winter. And those ...
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Groups Vying for Share of Catch as Numbers of Lake Superior Trout Go Down

The Lake Superior Trout numbers are on the decline which is now being felt by all the groups that catch fish from this lake. There are as many as three different groups trying to get a share of the catch. The state and two tribes take 50% each of the harvest of the trout from Lake Superior as per the 10-year Lake Superior fishing agreement. The state half is further subdivided into commercial fishermen and sport anglers who want to catch trout for sport. The two tribes that are harvesting trout from Lake Superior are Red Cliff and Bad River. With the numbers of Lake Superior Trout going down, the sport anglers are the ones that are suffering the most. Dave Sorenson, the president of the North Wisconsin Road and Gun Club says that the commercial fishermen are taking all the trout and the sport anglers are left with almost ...
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Wisconsin Tribes and Department of Natural Resources Extend Agreement of Fishing in Lake Superior

The Department of Natural Resources at Wisconsin has formally announced the extension of the agreement of allowing fishing in Lake Superior with two tribes from Northern Wisconsin namely Bad River and Red Cliff. The development has come after the 10-year agreement expired in November. The parties decided to extend the agreement by one year for the time being with negotiations continuing between the parties for a new agreement that would be long-term. According to the Department of Natural Resources supervisor for Lake Superior fisheries, Terry Margenau, it was important for both the parties to actually extend the old agreement and stay on table to negotiate the specifics of a new long-term agreement. Biologist from the Wisconsin tribe Red Cliff, Chad Abel, chipped in with his opinion as well on the agreement and said that a few changes were negotiated from the previous agreement in ...
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